Thermodynamics of information exchange between two coupled quantum dots
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
|Journal||Physical Review E|
|Publication status||Published - 28 Mar 2016|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- University of Tokyo
We propose a setup based on two coupled quantum dots where thermodynamics of a measurement can be quantitatively characterized. The information obtained in the measurement can be utilized by performing feedback in a manner apparently breaking the second law of thermodynamics. In this way the setup can be operated as a Maxwell's demon, where both the measurement and feedback are performed separately by controlling an external parameter. This is analogous to the case of the original Szilard engine. Since the setup contains both the microscopic demon and the engine itself, the operation of the whole measurement-feedback cycle can be explained in detail at the level of single realizations. In addition, we derive integral fluctuation relations for both the bare and coarse-grained entropy productions in the setup.