The high-frequency transconductance and current noise of top-gated single carbon nanotube transistors have been measured and used to investigate hot electron effects in one-dimensional transistors. Results are in good agreement with a theory of one-dimensional nanotransistor. In particular the prediction of a large transconductance correction to the Johnson–Nyquist thermal noise formula is confirmed experimentally. Experiment shows that nanotube transistors can be used as fast charge detectors for quantum coherent electronics with a resolution of 13 μe/Hz⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯√ in the 0.2–0.8 GHz band.
- carbon nanotube
- shot noise