Thermal processing of jarosite leach residue for a safe disposable slag and valuable metals recovery

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Thermal processing of jarosite leach residue for a safe disposable slag and valuable metals recovery. / Rämä, Minna; Nurmi, Samu; Jokilaakso, Ari; Klemettinen, Lassi; Taskinen, Pekka; Salminen, Justin.

In: Metals, Vol. 8, No. 10, 744, 01.10.2018.

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@article{d9c6394ba740447ca44a7444016c89b7,
title = "Thermal processing of jarosite leach residue for a safe disposable slag and valuable metals recovery",
abstract = "In electrolytic production of zinc, the iron levels in the solutions are controlled by precipitation of jarosite or goethite. These precipitates also co-precipitate unrecovered valuable metals (Zn, Pb, Cu, Ag) as well as elements of concern (As, Cd, Hg). After stabilization, the residues are traditionally landfilled. This work investigates pyrometallurgical treatment of jarosite residue to convert the material into reusable clean slag and to recover the valuable metals within the residue. The pyrometallurgical treatment is divided into two functional steps. First, the material is melted in an oxidizing atmosphere, after which the oxide melt is reduced to produce an inert, clean slag. Then, a liquid metal or speiss phase collects the valuable metals, such as silver. The aim was to examine the optimal process conditions for reaching the target values for remaining metals in the slag; Pb < 0.03 wt {\%}, Zn < 1 wt {\%}. As a conclusion, the limiting factor in sulfur, lead, and zinc removal is the contact between the oxidizing or reducing gas and the molten sample. The mass transfer and volatile metals removal were significantly improved with a gas lance installation. The improved gas-liquid interaction enabled the first steps of gas flow rate optimization and ensured the sufficiently low end-concentrations of the aforementioned elements.",
keywords = "Circular economy, Jarosite residue, Metal recovery, Pyrometallurgy, Slag valorization",
author = "Minna R{\"a}m{\"a} and Samu Nurmi and Ari Jokilaakso and Lassi Klemettinen and Pekka Taskinen and Justin Salminen",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/met8100744",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Metals",
issn = "2075-4701",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "10",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermal processing of jarosite leach residue for a safe disposable slag and valuable metals recovery

AU - Rämä, Minna

AU - Nurmi, Samu

AU - Jokilaakso, Ari

AU - Klemettinen, Lassi

AU - Taskinen, Pekka

AU - Salminen, Justin

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - In electrolytic production of zinc, the iron levels in the solutions are controlled by precipitation of jarosite or goethite. These precipitates also co-precipitate unrecovered valuable metals (Zn, Pb, Cu, Ag) as well as elements of concern (As, Cd, Hg). After stabilization, the residues are traditionally landfilled. This work investigates pyrometallurgical treatment of jarosite residue to convert the material into reusable clean slag and to recover the valuable metals within the residue. The pyrometallurgical treatment is divided into two functional steps. First, the material is melted in an oxidizing atmosphere, after which the oxide melt is reduced to produce an inert, clean slag. Then, a liquid metal or speiss phase collects the valuable metals, such as silver. The aim was to examine the optimal process conditions for reaching the target values for remaining metals in the slag; Pb < 0.03 wt %, Zn < 1 wt %. As a conclusion, the limiting factor in sulfur, lead, and zinc removal is the contact between the oxidizing or reducing gas and the molten sample. The mass transfer and volatile metals removal were significantly improved with a gas lance installation. The improved gas-liquid interaction enabled the first steps of gas flow rate optimization and ensured the sufficiently low end-concentrations of the aforementioned elements.

AB - In electrolytic production of zinc, the iron levels in the solutions are controlled by precipitation of jarosite or goethite. These precipitates also co-precipitate unrecovered valuable metals (Zn, Pb, Cu, Ag) as well as elements of concern (As, Cd, Hg). After stabilization, the residues are traditionally landfilled. This work investigates pyrometallurgical treatment of jarosite residue to convert the material into reusable clean slag and to recover the valuable metals within the residue. The pyrometallurgical treatment is divided into two functional steps. First, the material is melted in an oxidizing atmosphere, after which the oxide melt is reduced to produce an inert, clean slag. Then, a liquid metal or speiss phase collects the valuable metals, such as silver. The aim was to examine the optimal process conditions for reaching the target values for remaining metals in the slag; Pb < 0.03 wt %, Zn < 1 wt %. As a conclusion, the limiting factor in sulfur, lead, and zinc removal is the contact between the oxidizing or reducing gas and the molten sample. The mass transfer and volatile metals removal were significantly improved with a gas lance installation. The improved gas-liquid interaction enabled the first steps of gas flow rate optimization and ensured the sufficiently low end-concentrations of the aforementioned elements.

KW - Circular economy

KW - Jarosite residue

KW - Metal recovery

KW - Pyrometallurgy

KW - Slag valorization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85053851250&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/met8100744

DO - 10.3390/met8100744

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - Metals

JF - Metals

SN - 2075-4701

IS - 10

M1 - 744

ER -

ID: 28561092