Thermal gelation of cellulose based suspensions

Leevi Viitanen*, Isaac Y. Miranda-Valdez, Juha Koivisto, Antti Puisto, Mikko Alava

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
41 Downloads (Pure)


A more sustainable future calls for bio-based alternatives to replace plastic foams for various applications, such as packaging, insulation and cushioning. Some bio-based foams emerging in scientific publications are fabricated using liquid foam templating and methyl cellulose as well as fibers as main constituents. Scaling up of the production, however, requires a comprehensive understanding of the rheology of the foam during the shaping and drying processes. In this article, we report rheological studies of cellulose based systems in the context of thermal gelation. In more precise terms, we study how the presence of cellulose fibers and other additive materials influences the thermal gelation properties of methyl cellulose. We observe that the rheological properties, while heavily dependent on the material composition, are reasonably adjustable by appropriate material choices. The fibers are seen to decrease the temperature required for methyl cellulose to undergo a viscoelastic transition which is useful in the solid foam fabrication process. We anticipate that in the present application, the fibers increase the stability of the desired structure during the drying stage of the foam.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4215-4223
Number of pages9
Issue number7
Early online date2023
Publication statusPublished - May 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Cellular material
  • Fibrillated cellulose
  • Methyl cellulose
  • Thermal gelation


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