Theoretical algorithm and application of a double-integrating sphere system for measuring leaf transmittance and reflectance spectra

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  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland


We present the theoretical background and analytical equations for calculating spectral reflectance and transmittance factors for plant leaves from data collected by a field spectroradiometer attached to a double-integrating sphere. The sphere constants required for the calculations are derived from measurements of an empty sample port and a diffuse reflectance panel. The new method is applied in measuring the spectra of leaves belonging to 13 tree species. The greatest advantages of a double-sphere system compared with the conventional single-sphere substitution method is the speed of measurements, ease of operation, and increased portability and field-ruggedness.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-571
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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