The Use of Virtual Reality as a Potential Restorative Environment in School During Recess

Antti Lähtevänoja*, Jani Holopainen, Osmo Mattila, Petri Parvinen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Previous research has found out that simulated, Virtual Reality (VR)-based forests can bring equal or even higher restorative effects than real forests. In this study, a Virtual Reality (VR)-based forest was created in order to compare whether VR-based forest can possess restorative effects in the context of primary school, and how the possible effects compare to restorative effects of a normal recess or to a situation when there is no recess at all. The effects were measured using Restorative Outcome Scale (ROS) and problem-solving tasks after the intervention. The results showed that VR-based forest had the highest restorative effect. There was a significant difference between VR-forest and no recess-groups, but no statistical difference between VR-forest and normal recess-groups. Future research avenues and implications of virtual forests are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDigital Transformation and Global Society - 5th International Conference, DTGS 2020, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsDaniel A. Alexandrov, Alexander V. Boukhanovsky, Andrei V. Chugunov, Yury Kabanov, Olessia Koltsova, Ilya Musabirov
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9783030652173
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Digital Transformation and Global Society - St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Duration: 17 Jun 202019 Jun 2020
Conference number: 5

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
ISSN (Print)1865-0929
ISSN (Electronic)1865-0937


ConferenceInternational Conference on Digital Transformation and Global Society
Abbreviated titleDTGS
Country/TerritoryRussian Federation
CitySt. Petersburg


  • Restorative outcome scale attention restoration
  • Virtual forest
  • Virtual reality


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