The sorption of cationic dyes onto kaolin: Kinetic, isotherm and thermodynamic studies

A. R. Tehrani-Bagha*, H. Nikkar, N. M. Mahmoodi, M. Markazi, F. M. Menger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

135 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated the potential use of a low-cost inorganic powder (Persian Kaolin) for removal of Basic Yellow 28 (BY28), Methylene Blue (MB) and Malachite Green (MG) from aqueous solution. Kaolin was characterized via a laser particle size analyzer (PSA), scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) techniques. The effect of adsorbent dosage, dye concentration, initial pH and the presence of various electrolytes was studied. The isotherm data of dyes were correlated reasonably well by the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The values of the adsorption capacity of kaolin towards the cationic dyes ranged from 16. mg/g to 52. mg/g, being probably dependent on the geometry of the dye molecules. The resulting degrees of dye removal were 65-99% for initial dye concentration of 10. mg/L and for kaolin loadings of 0.8-2.5. g/L. It was found that the adsorption of dyes on kaolin followed a pseudo-second order equation. The recovery and reuse of kaolin for a second and third time have also been studied. The thermodynamic studies showed that the dye adsorption onto kaolin is a spontaneous, endothermic and a physical reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-280
Number of pages7
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Cationic dye
  • Dye removal
  • Isotherm
  • Kaolin
  • Kinetic
  • Thermodynamic

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