The role of printing parameters on the short beam strength of 3D-printed continuous carbon fibre reinforced epoxy-PETG composites

Humberto Almeida*, Siddharth Jayaprakash, Kari Kolari, Jukka Kuva, Kirsi Kukko, Jouni Partanen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

It is well known that printing parameters strongly affect the mechanical performance of 3D printed parts. This work explores the role of i) extruder temperature, ii) print speed, and iii) layer height on the interlaminar strength of 3D-printed continuous fibre-reinforced composites. The carbon fibre-reinforced thermoset filament is printed concomitantly with polyethylene terephthalate glycol (PETG) thermoplastic filament in a single nozzle, characterising a continuous fibre co-extrusion (CFC) process. There is a significant variation in the short beam strength for composites printed with different parameters. The load–displacement curves have a similar pattern, with clear load peaks followed by a plastic zone. Optical micrographs and computed tomography (CT) scans reveal that the microstructure is dependent on the printing parameters. Image analysis elucidates the various mechanisms of void formation. Following the application of a three-way ANOVA and statistical tests to quantify the effects and interactions among variables, the analysis concludes that the extruder temperature has the highest influence, followed by print speed and layer height. When considering all possible interactions between the factors, the interaction between print speed and layer height is the most impactful.
Original languageEnglish
Article number118034
Number of pages15
JournalComposite Structures
Volume337
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2024
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • 3D printing parameters
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Failure analysis
  • Interlaminar strength
  • Microstructure
  • Statistical analysis

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