The role of power - to - hydrogen in carbon neutral energy and industrial systems : Case Finland

T Koivunen, A Khosravi, S Syri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
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To combat climate change, decarbonization measures are undertaken across the whole energy sector. Industry and transportation sectors are seen as difficult sectors to decarbonize, with green hydrogen being proposed as a solution to achieve decarbonization in these sectors. While many methods of introducing hydrogen to these sectors are present in literature, few system-level works study the specific impacts of large-scale introduction has on power and heat sectors in an energy system. This contribution examines the effects of introducing hydrogen into a Finnish energy system in 2040 by conducting scenario simulations in EnergyPLAN – software. Primary energy consumption and CO2 emissions of the base scenario and hydrogen scenarios are compared. Additionally, the differences between a constant and flexible hydrogen production profile are studied. Introducing hydrogen increases electricity consumption by 31.9%, but reduces CO2 emissions by 71.5% and fossil energy consumption by 72.6%. The flexible hydrogen profile lowers renewable curtailment and improves energy efficiency but requires economically unfeasible hydrogen storage. Biomass consumption remains high and is not impacted significantly by the introduction of hydrogen. Additional measures in other sectors are needed to ensure carbon neutrality.
Original languageEnglish
Article number128624
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Carbon neutrality
  • Finland
  • Industry
  • Power-to-hydrogen
  • Transport sector


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  • FinEst Twins: FinEst Twins

    Nieminen, M.


    Project: EU: Framework programmes funding

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