The relation between lattice parameters and very low twinning stress in Ni50Mn25+xGa25-x magnetic shape memory alloys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • L. Straka
  • J. Drahokoupil
  • O. Pacherova
  • K. Fabianova
  • V. Kopecky
  • H. Seiner
  • Hannu Hänninen

  • O. Heczko

Research units

  • Czech Technical University Prague
  • Czech Academy of Sciences


In search of the origins of the extraordinary low twinning stress of Ni-Mn-Ga 10M martensite, we studied the temperature induced changes in lattice parameters of Ni50Mn25+xGa25-x (x = 2.7-3.9) single crystal samples and compared them with twinning stress dependences. The alloys exhibited transformation to five-layered (10M) martensite structure (cubic to monoclinic) between 297 to 328 K and exhibited the magnetic shape memory effect in martensite. The structural changes were monitored using x-ray diffraction in the temperature range 200-343 K. The 10M structure was approximated by monoclinic lattice, a = b > c, gamma > 90 degrees with the coordinates derived from the cubic unit cell of the parent L2(1) phase. The lattice parameters gamma and c/a correlate well with the universal linear increase of twinning stress of type 1 twins with decreasing temperature. On the contrary, the twinning stress is not affected by differences between a and b and thus a/b twins seem to play no role in a - c twin boundary motion resulting in magnetically induced reorientation.


Original languageEnglish
Article number025001
Number of pages6
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • magnetic shape memory alloys, single crystal, structure, twinning stress, temperature dependence, NI-MN-GA, FIELD-INDUCED STRAIN, TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENCE, SINGLE-CRYSTALS, WALL-MOTION, MARTENSITE, BOUNDARIES, NI2MNGA, CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, INTERFACES

ID: 1575561