The recent growth resurgence in Africa and poverty reduction: The context and evidence

Augustin Kwasi Fosu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While economic growth in Africa has resurged substantially since the mid-to-late 1990s, the amount of poverty reduction seems much less spectacular. Building on other studies, the paper explores the translation of the recent growth to poverty reduction using 1985-2013 PovcalNet (World Bank) data. It assesses the relative abilities of various panel-data methodologies to predict poverty changes based on income-inequality decompositions. Surprisingly, SYSGMM performs substantially worse than Fixed Effects and Random Effects. The analysis is conducted for both the $1.25 and $2.00 poverty lines, and for the 'spread' and 'depth' of poverty, as well as for the usual popular measure, the headcount ratio. Although income growth appears to be the main force behind poverty reduction in Africa, the decomposition reveals striking differences, across countries and poverty measures, with respect to the relative roles of inequality and income.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-107
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of African Economies
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Africa
  • Growth resurgence
  • Income
  • Inequality
  • Poverty reduction

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