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This study estimates the optimal level of wind-generated electricity production in Nordic countries’ market region given the existing hydroreservoirs of Norway to regulate the intermittency in wind-energy production and to meet the market demand. Using realized, scaled patterns for hourly wind production and electricity demand, we perform a series of numerical simulations and find a threshold value of approximately 90 TWh for annual wind production after which surplus and deficit in the production begin to accumulate significantly, weakening the utilization factor of wind installments. In light of the ambitious climate policies in the Nordic countries, and that the existing annual capacity of installed wind in the region is approximately 41 TWh, the Nordic governments should consider investing heavily in both national and international grid infrastructure to enable private sector to double the existing wind capacity in the market region.
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- 1 Finished
01/09/2018 → 31/08/2021
Project: Academy of Finland: Other research funding