The isotope effect in turbulent transport control by GAMs. Observation and gyrokinetic modeling

A. D. Gurchenko*, E. Z. Gusakov, P. Niskala, A. B. Altukhov, L. A. Esipov, T. P. Kiviniemi, T. Korpilo, D. V. Kouprienko, S. I. Lashkul, S. Leerink, A. A. Perevalov, M. A. Irzak

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

A comparative investigation of the isotope effect in multi-scale anomalous transport phenomena is performed both experimentally by highly localized turbulence diagnostics in comparable hydrogen and deuterium FT-2 tokamak discharges and theoretically with the help of global gyrokinetic modeling. Substantial excess of the geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) amplitude, radial wavelength and correlation length in a wide spatial region of deuterium discharge resulting in stronger modulation of drift-wave turbulence level is demonstrated by both approaches. A larger turbulence radial correlation length is found at LFS in D-discharge in experiment and a stronger modulation of gyrokinetic particles and energy fluxes is shown there by the gyrokinetic code. The gyrokinetic modeling demonstrated comparable levels of drift wave density and electric field fluctuations in hydrogen and deuterium discharges. Nevertheless, the mean value of the ion energy and particle anomalous flux provided by modeling shows the systematic isotope effect at all radii.

Original languageEnglish
Article number044002
Number of pages9
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • isotope effect
  • geodesic acoustic mode (GAM)
  • turbulence
  • TOKAMAK
  • DIAGNOSTICS
  • SIMULATION
  • PLASMAS

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