The Impact of Surface Charges of Carboxylated Cellulose Nanofibrils on the Water Motions in Hydrated Films

Valentina Guccini, Shun Yu*, Zhoujun Meng, Eero Kontturi, Franz Demmel, Germán Salazar-Alvarez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
54 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) with carboxylated surface ligands are a class of materials with tunable surface functionality, good mechanical properties, and bio-/environmental friendliness. They have been used in many applications as scaffold, reinforcing, or functional materials, where the interaction between adsorbed moisture and the CNF could lead to different properties and structures and become critical to the performance of the materials. In this work, we exploited multiple experimental methods to study the water movement in hydrated films made of carboxylated CNFs prepared by TEMPO oxidation with two different surface charges of 600 and 1550 μmol·g-1. A combination of quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) shows that both the surface charge of a single fibril and the films' network structure contribute to the moisture uptake. The films with 1550 μmol·g-1 surface charges take up twice the amount of moisture per unit mass, leading to the formation of nanostructures with an average radius of gyration of 2.1 nm. Via the nondestructive quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS), a faster motion is explained as a localized movement of water molecules inside confined spheres, and a slow diffusive motion is found with the diffusion coefficient close to bulk water at room temperature via a random jump diffusion model and regardless of the surface charge in films made from CNFs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3104-3115
Number of pages12
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume23
Issue number8
Early online date5 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Aug 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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