The Finnish Urban Land Readjustment Procedure in an International Context

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisMonograph


The aim of urban land readjustment is to produce newbuilding land and to reorganise urban areas. The method used is designed to consolidate a group of adjoining land parcels for their unified planning and subdivision in an area with afragmented or an otherwise inappropriate property and ownershipstructure. The procedure can be considered either as a method for urban land development (by landowners) or as a tool fo rplanning implementation (by society). Different countries have reached different solutions depending on, for example, the planning system already in existence and the attitude towards the responsibilities of the private and the public sectors inproducing urban land. The urban land readjustment procedure is very closely linked to detailed local planning and other land use planning. Th eprocedure is justified not only on the basis of cost and efficiency but also on the basis of its fair treatment of landowners, improvements in plan quality, savings to the community, and environmental benefits. In the readjustmentprocedure the land value changes can be fairly and equally distributed among landowners. The procedure will therefore also help to prevent planning speculation. As property boundaries can be disregarded when preparing the plan, the number of potential plan solutions will essentially be increased and finally the quality of the plan itself improved. At the sametime the existing social structure can also be maintained. The processes needed are, however, often very demanding and complicated and require those involved to display considerable expertise. The decision-makers should also be familiar with the operating mechanisms and options so that implementation of the procedure is not jeopardised through ignorance. In 1997 a new Real Property Formation Act came into force in Finland which defined the Finnish urban land readjustmentprocedure. The strengths of the new procedure lie in itswell-defined structure and organisation, but it also has its weaknesses. Although the aim of the procedure is to achieve better detailed local plans, planners often do not know inpractice if the readjustment procedure can be carried out, due to the extensive legal provisions. It seems, therefore, that the existing regulations are ineffective in meeting the needs of urban land readjustment, and further improvements are urgently required. Failure to take such measures will place injeopardy the future use of the procedure. By amending the statutes and the proceedings the use of the urban landreadjustment procedure might become a familiar activity when developing the urban structure in areas with fragmented ownership.
Translated title of the contributionThe Finnish Urban Land Readjustment Procedure in an International Context
Original languageSwedish
QualificationDoctor's degree
Awarding Institution
  • KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Place of PublicationStockholm, Sweden
Publication statusPublished - 2000
MoE publication typeG4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph)


  • urban land readjustment
  • reallotment
  • readjustment procedure
  • land development
  • conveyancing
  • land parcelling

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