The evolution of landscapes: The human factor in a transfrontier case study in Karelia (Finland / Russia)

Juanjo Galan Vivas, Félix Bourgeau

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


In 1859, Charles Darwin formulated his theory of evolution (“On the Origin of Species”) after observing how physical barriers between different environments led to the generation of different species. Using this principle, this paper elaborates on how human frameworks and even, tangible o intangible barriers might produce the divergence or convergence of landscapes.
This was the central topic of a studio course organized by the Aalto University Landscape Architecture programme in 2017 on both sides of the Karelian border, whose methods and results support the argumentation of this paper.
Karelia was part of the same administrative and cultural unit but following the end of the Second World War, it was divided between Finland and Russia with the subsequent appearance of different socio-cultural, demographic, economic, political and planning contexts on both sides of the frontier. The paper describes how these new conditions affected the character of its urban, agricultural, natural, industrial and infrastructural landscapes, their formal patterns, the distribution and interaction between different land uses, the linkages between people and landscape and the integration in the landscape of historic layers, present realities and future visions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHealthy landscapes: green, regeneration, safety
PublisherUniversity of Bologna
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-88-99838-52-2
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2018
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventHealthy landscapes: green, regeneration, safety - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Duration: 6 Jun 20188 Jun 2018


ConferenceHealthy landscapes: green, regeneration, safety
Internet address


  • Landscape planning
  • cultural landscape
  • vernacular landscape
  • landscape evolution
  • transfrontier landscapes

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