The effects of paints and moisture content on the indoor air emissions from pinewood (Pinus sylvestris) boards

Tuomas Alapieti*, Emmanuelle Castagnoli, Laura Salo, Raimo Mikkola, Pertti Pasanen, Heidi Salonen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
98 Downloads (Pure)


The emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from building materials may significantly contribute to indoor air pollution, and VOCs have been associated with odor annoyance and adverse health effects. Wood materials together with coatings are commonly used indoors for furniture and large surfaces such as walls, floors, and ceilings. This leads to high surface-to-volume ratios, and therefore, these materials may participate remarkably to the VOC levels of indoor environment. We studied emissions of VOCs and carbonyl compounds from pinewood (Pinus sylvestris) boards of 10% and 16% moisture contents (MC) with three paints using small-scale test chambers (27 L). The emissions from uncoated pinewood and paints (on a glass substrate) were tested as references. The 28-day experiment showed that the VOC emissions from uncoated pinewood were lower from sample with 16% MC. Painted pinewood samples showed lower emissions compared to paints on glass substrate. Additionally, paints on 16% MC pinewood exhibited lower emissions than on drier 10% MC wood. The emissions from painted pinewood samples were dominated by paint-based compounds, but the share of wood-based compounds increased over time. However, we noticed differences between the paints, and wood-based emissions were clearly higher with the most permeable paint.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1563-1576
Number of pages14
JournalIndoor Air
Issue number5
Early online date3 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • emissions
  • interior paints
  • moisture content
  • pinewood
  • VOC
  • wood materials


Dive into the research topics of 'The effects of paints and moisture content on the indoor air emissions from pinewood (Pinus sylvestris) boards'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this