The effects of non-linearity in spectrum sensing receivers

Vesa Turunen*, Marko Kosunen, Sami Kallioinen, Aarno Pärssinen, Jussi Ryynänen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


This paper analyses the effects of receiver non-linearity on the performance of the most commonly utilized signal detectors in cognitive radio systems. The analysis covers both self-modulation products of a single orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) signal and intermodulation (IM) products of two OFDM signals, and also their contribution to the probability of false detections. As a result, this work presents the linearity requirements for the spectrum sensor receiver front-end as a function of the sensitivity of the signal detector. Furthermore, we show that the cyclostationary feature detectors are more robust than the energy detectors against IM products of multiple interferers. Theoretical results are verified in measurements with a cyclostationary feature detector using digital video broadcasting - terrestrial (DVB-T) signals as an example.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)995-1003
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Applications and standards (Mobile, Wireless, networks)
  • Wireless systems and signal processing (SDR, MIMO, UWB, etc.)


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