The effect of ECF and TCF bleaching on the surface chemical composition of kraft pulp as determined by ESCA

J. Laine, P. Stenius, G. Carlsson, G. Ström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-210
JournalNordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1996
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • bleaching
  • elemental chlorine free
  • ESCA
  • extractives
  • kraft pulps
  • lignin
  • surface chemical composition
  • totally chlorine free

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