The Bitumen Related Problems Observed on Soft Asphalt Concrete Pavements : Case Study

Michalina Makowska*, Katri Eskola

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


Four roads paved with soft asphalt concrete during the autumn of 2017 by one contractor in a Nordic country, damaged during the following winter. The road users reported that bitumen detached from the surface and was sticking to the fur of pet animals, as well as to the surfaces of the vehicles. The article discusses aspects connected with production and paving, which may have affected the performance. In addition, the material analysis of the samples collected from the field was performed. The core samples were tested by Indirect Tensile Strength (ITS). Because of the low strength of the soft asphalt concrete the ITS is not routinely performed for this material. Therefore, the results of ITS were inconclusive due to the lack of reliable references. The gradation was analyzed after the bitumen extraction and recovery, and no abnormalities were discovered. The Zero Shear Viscosity at multiple temperatures and fractional composition was performed on both extracted and reference binders type V1500 and 650/900 (EN 12591) after evaluation of bitumen purity with infrared spectroscopy. The bitumen extracted from the most questionable pavement expressed comparable rheological behavior to references, but was characterized by the exceptionally high content of saturates. The short research project was unable to determine if the damage was a result or the reason for the altered binder composition. Nevertheless, the link between abnormal performance observed in the field and abnormal chemical characteristic of bitumen is reported.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the RILEM International Symposium on Bituminous Materials
Subtitle of host publicationISBM Lyon 2020
EditorsHervé Di Benedetto, Hassan Baaj, Emmanuel Chailleux, Gabriele Tebaldi, Cédric Sauzéat, Salvatore Mangiafico
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-4655-4
Publication statusPublished - 2022
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

NameRILEM Bookseries
ISSN (Print)2211-0844
ISSN (Electronic)2211-0852


  • Damage
  • Fractionation
  • Soft Asphalt Concrete
  • Viscosity


Dive into the research topics of 'The Bitumen Related Problems Observed on Soft Asphalt Concrete Pavements : Case Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this