Techno-economic analysis of ECF bleaching and TCF bleaching for a bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp mill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Techno-economic analysis of ECF bleaching and TCF bleaching for a bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp mill. / De Assis, Tiago; Perrin, Jordan; Jameel, Asan; Phillips, Richard ; Lachenal, Dominique; Kirkman, Adrianna; Gonzalez, Onalds.

In: TAPPI Journal, Vol. 16, 01.10.2017, p. 583-594.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

De Assis, T, Perrin, J, Jameel, A, Phillips, R, Lachenal, D, Kirkman, A & Gonzalez, O 2017, 'Techno-economic analysis of ECF bleaching and TCF bleaching for a bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp mill', TAPPI Journal, vol. 16, pp. 583-594.

APA

De Assis, T., Perrin, J., Jameel, A., Phillips, R., Lachenal, D., Kirkman, A., & Gonzalez, O. (2017). Techno-economic analysis of ECF bleaching and TCF bleaching for a bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp mill. TAPPI Journal, 16, 583-594.

Vancouver

De Assis T, Perrin J, Jameel A, Phillips R, Lachenal D, Kirkman A et al. Techno-economic analysis of ECF bleaching and TCF bleaching for a bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp mill. TAPPI Journal. 2017 Oct 1;16:583-594.

Author

De Assis, Tiago ; Perrin, Jordan ; Jameel, Asan ; Phillips, Richard ; Lachenal, Dominique ; Kirkman, Adrianna ; Gonzalez, Onalds. / Techno-economic analysis of ECF bleaching and TCF bleaching for a bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp mill. In: TAPPI Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 16. pp. 583-594.

Bibtex - Download

@article{5032b58fcb7b42ec845a58af0f3819a3,
title = "Techno-economic analysis of ECF bleaching and TCF bleaching for a bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp mill",
abstract = "An early stage techno-economic analysis was performed to compare a traditional elemental chlorine free (ECF) sequence (O O D0 [EOP] D1 P) with the proposed totally chlorine free (TCF) sequence (O O A [ZEO]1 [ZEO]2 P)] for a bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp mill. Similar operating costs (ECF = US$465/a.d. metric ton; TCF = US$468/a.d. metric ton) and similar internal rate of return (ECF = 16.5{\%}; TCF = 16.4{\%}) were obtained. Although the TCF case has lower revenue with surplus steam, savings with chemicals (e.g., sodium chlorate and methanol) pays for the higher consumption of electricity. Probabilistic analyses were also performed to evaluate the financial risks associated with the variability of chemical costs and electricity price. Probabilistic analyses have shown that the price volatility of sodium hydroxide and sodium chlorate have a significant impact on the probability distribution of internal rate of return (IRR). Despite its promising potential, the new TCF sequence has only been tested in laboratory scale and further scaleup has to be performed to validate the technology. However, the techno-economic economic analysis shows that the proposed TCF technology has promising potential for future industrial application.",
author = "{De Assis}, Tiago and Jordan Perrin and Asan Jameel and Richard Phillips and Dominique Lachenal and Adrianna Kirkman and Onalds Gonzalez",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "583--594",
journal = "TAPPI Journal",
issn = "0734-1415",

}

RIS - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Techno-economic analysis of ECF bleaching and TCF bleaching for a bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp mill

AU - De Assis, Tiago

AU - Perrin, Jordan

AU - Jameel, Asan

AU - Phillips, Richard

AU - Lachenal, Dominique

AU - Kirkman, Adrianna

AU - Gonzalez, Onalds

PY - 2017/10/1

Y1 - 2017/10/1

N2 - An early stage techno-economic analysis was performed to compare a traditional elemental chlorine free (ECF) sequence (O O D0 [EOP] D1 P) with the proposed totally chlorine free (TCF) sequence (O O A [ZEO]1 [ZEO]2 P)] for a bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp mill. Similar operating costs (ECF = US$465/a.d. metric ton; TCF = US$468/a.d. metric ton) and similar internal rate of return (ECF = 16.5%; TCF = 16.4%) were obtained. Although the TCF case has lower revenue with surplus steam, savings with chemicals (e.g., sodium chlorate and methanol) pays for the higher consumption of electricity. Probabilistic analyses were also performed to evaluate the financial risks associated with the variability of chemical costs and electricity price. Probabilistic analyses have shown that the price volatility of sodium hydroxide and sodium chlorate have a significant impact on the probability distribution of internal rate of return (IRR). Despite its promising potential, the new TCF sequence has only been tested in laboratory scale and further scaleup has to be performed to validate the technology. However, the techno-economic economic analysis shows that the proposed TCF technology has promising potential for future industrial application.

AB - An early stage techno-economic analysis was performed to compare a traditional elemental chlorine free (ECF) sequence (O O D0 [EOP] D1 P) with the proposed totally chlorine free (TCF) sequence (O O A [ZEO]1 [ZEO]2 P)] for a bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp mill. Similar operating costs (ECF = US$465/a.d. metric ton; TCF = US$468/a.d. metric ton) and similar internal rate of return (ECF = 16.5%; TCF = 16.4%) were obtained. Although the TCF case has lower revenue with surplus steam, savings with chemicals (e.g., sodium chlorate and methanol) pays for the higher consumption of electricity. Probabilistic analyses were also performed to evaluate the financial risks associated with the variability of chemical costs and electricity price. Probabilistic analyses have shown that the price volatility of sodium hydroxide and sodium chlorate have a significant impact on the probability distribution of internal rate of return (IRR). Despite its promising potential, the new TCF sequence has only been tested in laboratory scale and further scaleup has to be performed to validate the technology. However, the techno-economic economic analysis shows that the proposed TCF technology has promising potential for future industrial application.

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 583

EP - 594

JO - TAPPI Journal

JF - TAPPI Journal

SN - 0734-1415

ER -

ID: 32040758