Task Allocation Algorithm for Energy Resources Providing Frequency Containment Reserves

C. Giovanelli, O. Kilkki, S. Sierla, I. Seilonen, V. Vyatkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
271 Downloads (Pure)


The uncertainty caused by the variability in renewable energy production requires the engagement of consumer-side energy production and consumption to provide sufficient flexibility and reliability for the power grid. This study presents an algorithm for allocating tasks to distributed energy resources allowing consumers to provide flexibility for frequency containment reserves. The task allocation algorithm aims at supporting the plug and play of energy resources, and it avoids the need for hard real-time messages during the coordination of the resources. The algorithm combines a novel control strategy with an information and communication technology architecture. The main decision logic of the algorithm is defined together with the distributed control logic. A prototype implementation of the overall system for frequency control is used to evaluate the performance of the algorithm. The simulation results show that the algorithm achieves the specified objectives, and has advantages compared to the state of the art solution.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8329130
Pages (from-to)677-688
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number2
Early online date2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Energy resources
  • Erbium
  • Frequency control
  • Load management
  • Resource management
  • Task analysis
  • automated demand response
  • distributed ICT architecture
  • frequency containment reserve
  • frequency control
  • smart grid
  • task allocation
  • frequency containment reserve (FCR)
  • Automated demand response (ADR)
  • distributed information and communication technology (ICT) architecture


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