Target detection distances under different road lighting intensities

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Abstract

Purpose
Road lighting illuminates road surface and surrounding areas of objects on a road, while car headlights illuminate vertical objects on a road. The goal of the study was to investigate the interaction between road lighting and car headlights at target detection distance.
Method
Target detection distances under different road lighting intensities and car headlights were studied with and without glare from an oncoming car. Dimmable high-pressure sodium lamps with three lighting levels 49%, 71% and 100% (3557, 5179 and 7252 lm) were used. Test drivers had to detect a small uniform standard target standing vertically on the straight road.
Results
In the absence of glare (low beam car headlights), road lighting intensity levels of 100% and 49% provided comparable detection distances, while at 71% of road lighting intensity visibility was the lowest. The target was seen in negative or positive contrast in 100% of road lighting. In 71% of road lighting, the target was
detected in positive contrast. While, in 49% of road lighting target was seen in negative contrast. There was a significant difference in detection distances under different road lighting intensities when there was no glare from the oncoming car. The significance main effect was between 49% and 71% of road lighting intensities. In addition, no significant differences in the effect of road lighting intensities could be found under glare from the oncoming car. In the presence of glare from the oncoming car, targets were always in negative contrast. Both road lighting and car headlights are associated with detection distances.
Conclusion
The results of these experiments can give new insight to the development of intelligent road lighting considering the combined effect of road lighting and car headlights. The results provide useful insight to dim the lighting in order to save energy without impairing the detection of objects.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalEUROPEAN TRANSPORT RESEARCH REVIEW
Volume9
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • detection distance, road lighting, car headlights, combied effect, dimming, traffic safety

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