Tailoring the longitudinal electric fields of high-order laser beams and their direct verification in three dimensions

Leevi Kallioniemi, Léo Turquet, Harri Lipsanen, Martti Kauranen, Godofredo Bautista*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

We demonstrate the tailoring of longitudinal electric fields that arise from tight focusing of spatially phase-shaped high-order laser beams, and verify their spatial distribution in three dimensions. To tailor the three-dimensional (3D) spatial distribution of longitudinal electric fields, we precisely control the relative phase delay between the two lobes of a HG10 laser beam using a spatial light modulator (SLM) before tight focusing. To verify the longitudinal electric fields in the focal volume, we employ 3D microscopic mapping of second-harmonic generation (SHG) from a single semiconductor nanowire that is extremely sensitive to the orientation of the longitudinal electric field. The technique is direct, general and expected to be useful in harnessing and in probing longitudinal electric fields with arbitrary spatial intensity distributions in the 3D focal volume.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124894
Number of pages6
JournalOptics Communications
Volume459
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Second-harmonic generation
  • 3D microscopy
  • Semiconductor nanowire
  • Polarization
  • Longitudinal electric field
  • CYLINDRICAL VECTOR BEAMS
  • 2ND-HARMONIC GENERATION
  • NONLINEAR MICROSCOPY
  • SYSTEMS

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  • Projects

    PREIN: Photonics Research and Innovation

    Mäkelä, K.

    01/01/201931/12/2022

    Project: Academy of Finland: Other research funding

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