Sustained in-vivo release of triptorelin acetate from a biodegradable silica depot: Comparison to Pamorelin® LA

Ari-Pekka Forsback, Panu Noppari*, Jesse Viljanen, Jari Mikkola, Mika Jokinen, Lasse Leino, Simon Bjerregaard, Camilla Borglin, Janet Halliday

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Triptorelin acetate was encapsulated into silica microparticles by spray-drying a mixture of colloidal silica sol and triptorelin acetate solution. The resulting microparticles were then combined with another silica sol containing silica nanoparticles, which together formed an injectable silica-triptorelin acetate depot. The particle size and surface morphology of the silica-triptorelin acetate microparticles were characterized together with the in vitro release of triptorelin, injectability and rheology of the final injectable silica-triptorelin acetate depot. In vivo pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the silica-triptorelin acetate depot and Pamorelin® were evaluated and compared in Sprague-Dawley male rats after subcutaneous administration. Serum samples up to 91 days were collected and the plasma concentrations of triptorelin and testosterone were analyzed with ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). In vivo pharmacokinetics showed that injections of the silica-triptorelin acetate depot gave 5-fold lower Cmax values than the corresponding Pamorelin® injections. The depot also showed a comparable sustained triptorelin release and equivalent pharmacodynamic effect as the Pamorelin® injections. Detectable triptorelin plasma concentrations were seen with the depot after the 91-day study period and testosterone plasma concentrations remained below the human castration limit for the same period.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1578
Number of pages14
JournalNanomaterials
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Controlled release
  • Silica hydrogel
  • Silica microparticles
  • Silica nanoparticles
  • Triptorelin

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