Sustainable business models of small-scale renewable energy systems: Two resource-scarce approaches for design and manufacturing

Tatu Lyytinen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We need to pay attention to both the design and manufacturing and business model approaches when analysing the sustainability of firms. Though there is increasing literature on the sustainable business model, little attention has been paid to solution design’s implication for the sustainability of the business model. In this article, I compare the solution design and business model approaches of two similar small-scale bioenergy solutions (using the high-income context in a developed country and the low-income context in a developing country). The sustainability perspective is integrated into the business model framework, and the implications of technological solutions to business models are analysed. I demonstrate in this study that while a high-tech solution in the high-income context has been able to integrate technological and organisational sustainability into its business model, a low-tech solution in the low-income context has mainly focused on social sustainability, has not paid attention to ecological sustainability and is struggling with financial sustainability.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainable Design and Manufacturing 2017: Selected papers on Sustainable Design and Manufacturing
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Sustainable Design and Manufacturing - Bologna, Italy
Duration: 26 Apr 201728 Apr 2017
Conference number: 4

Publication series

NameSmart Innovation, Systems and Technologies
ISSN (Print)21903018
ISSN (Electronic)21903026


ConferenceInternational Conference on Sustainable Design and Manufacturing
Abbreviated titleSDM


  • Bioenergy
  • Business model
  • Design and manufacturing
  • Developed country
  • Developing country
  • Sustainability

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