Surface densification of acetylated wood

Kristiina Laine*, Kristoffer Segerholm, Magnus Wålinder, Lauri Rautkari, Mark Hughes, Chiel Lankveld

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The mechanical properties of wood can be improved by compressing its porous structure between heated metal plates. By adjusting the process parameters it is possible to target the densification only in the surface region of wood where the property improvements are mostly needed in applications, such as flooring. The compressed form is, however, sensitive to moisture and will recover to some extent in high humidity. In this study, therefore, acetylated radiata pine was utilised in the surface densification process in order to both reduce the set-recovery of densified wood and to improve the hardness of the acetylated wood. Pre-acetylation was found to significantly reduce the set-recovery of surface densified wood. However, after the second cycle the increase in set-recovery of acetylated wood was relatively higher than the un-acetylated wood. The acetylated samples were compressed by only 1 mm (instead of the target 2 mm), yet, the hardness and hardness recovery of the acetylated samples significantly increased as a result of densification. It was also discovered that rough (un-planed) surfaces may be surface densified, however, even if the surface became smooth to the touch, the appearance remained uneven.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-835
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Wood and Wood Products
Issue numberNovember
Early online date2 Jul 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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