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We investigate theoretically a refrigerator based on a two-level system (TLS) coupled alternately to two different heat baths. Modulation of the coupling is achieved by tuning the level spacing of the TLS. We find that the TLS, which avoids quantum coherences, creates finite cooling power for one of the baths in sudden cycles, i.e., acts as a refrigerator even in the limit of infinite operation frequency. By contrast, the cycles that create quantum coherence in the sudden expansions and compressions lead to heating of both the baths. We propose a driving method that avoids creating coherence and thus restores the cooling in this system. We also discuss a physical realization of the cycle based on a superconducting qubit coupled to dissipative LC resonators.
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- 3 Finished
01/01/2018 → 31/12/2021
Project: EU: Framework programmes funding
Pekola, J., Karimi, B., Singh, S., Blanchet, F., Peltonen, J., Subero Rengel, D., Upadhyay, R., Gubaydullin, A., Wang, L., Chang, Y., Mäkinen, I., Marín Suárez, M., Thomas, G., Lvov, D., Mannila, E., Senior, J., Strelnikov, A., Chiang, K., Lemziakov, S., Satrya, C., Chen, Z., Serrati, E. & Praks, E.
27/09/2017 → 30/09/2023
Project: EU: ERC grants