Suitability Investigation of Recycled Concrete Aggregates for Concrete Production : An Experimental Case Study

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Abstract

In developing countries, construction and demolition waste (CDW) is disposed to landfill, causing social, environmental, and economic crises. In these nations, CDW exponentially increase due to their rapid economic growth, industrialization, and urbanization. This paper aims to examine the possibility of recycling concrete waste for production of new concrete in Ethiopia. Physical and mechanical characteristics of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) acquired from concrete waste are thoroughly examined. Though the RCA exhibited relatively lesser performance compared with the natural coarse aggregate (NCA), it reveals the same properties as of normal-weight aggregates in several instances. The performance of concrete specimens which employ RCA up to 20% is evaluated from workability, strength, and permeability aspects. The utilization of RCA slightly affects the workability and the water permeability properties of the concretes. Replacement of 10% of the NCA by the RCA enhances the compressive strength of the hardened concrete by 8%. The difference between the splitting tensile strength of the concretes which employ RCA and conventional aggregates is trivial. Generally, this work demonstrates the practicability of concrete waste recycling to produce new concrete or construction materials in Ethiopian context.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number8368351
Number of pages11
JournalAdvances in Civil Engineering
Volume2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • SELF-COMPACTING CONCRETE, STRUCTURAL CONCRETE, DEMOLITION WASTES, FLY-ASH, CONSTRUCTION, DURABILITY, PERFORMANCE, BLOCKS, FIBER

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