Suicide is a critical issue in modern society. Early detection and prevention of suicide attempts should be addressed to save people's life. Current suicidal ideation detection (SID) methods include clinical methods based on the interaction between social workers or experts and the targeted individuals and machine learning techniques with feature engineering or deep learning for automatic detection based on online social contents. This article is the first survey that comprehensively introduces and discusses the methods from these categories. Domain-specific applications of SID are reviewed according to their data sources, i.e., questionnaires, electronic health records, suicide notes, and online user content. Several specific tasks and data sets are introduced and summarized to facilitate further research. Finally, we summarize the limitations of current work and provide an outlook of further research directions.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems|
|Early online date||1 Jan 2020|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2021|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- Deep learning
- feature engineering
- Feature extraction
- Machine learning
- social content
- suicidal ideation detection (SID).
- Task analysis