Subcycling of particle orbits in variational, geometric electromagnetic particle-in-cell methods

Eero Hirvijoki*, Katharina Kormann, Filippo Zonta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This paper investigates the subcycling of particle orbits in variational, geometric particle-in-cell methods, addressing the Vlasov-Maxwell system in magnetized plasmas. The purpose of subcycling is to allow different time steps for different particle species and, ideally, time steps longer than the electron gyroperiod for the global field solves while sampling the local cyclotron orbits accurately. The considered algorithms retain the electromagnetic gauge invariance of the discrete action, guaranteeing a local charge conservation law, while the variational approach provides a bounded long-time energy behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Article number092506
Number of pages15
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • IMPLICIT
  • PLASMA
  • FORMULATION

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