Structure sharing for resource effective solutions: Improving measures to account for importance and quality of functions

Ehsan Ghazanfari, Vishal Singh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Structured sharing is believed to improve resource effectiveness of design solutions by allowing multiple functions to be achieved from the same shared structure. The current measures for assessing structure sharing and resource effectiveness account for the number of functions and structures in the solutions, but they do not take into account some of the basic aspects of functions from the customer and user perspective, which may determine whether the structure shared solution is desirable or not. This paper addresses this gap by improving the existing measures of structure sharing and resource effectiveness to take into account: (1) Relative importance of the different functions performed by the product (2) Quality of functions, which answers how well are the functions in the structure shared products performed when compared to a typical non-structured product serving the same function, and (3) emergent negative functions in the shared product that did not exist in the non-shared counterparts. The paper presents the derived equation, findings from the empirical tests conducted to test and validate the developed measures, and implications and recommendations for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDS 87-7 Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 17) Vol 7: Design Theory and Research Methodology, Vancouver, Canada, 21-25.08.2017
EditorsAnja Maier, Stanko Skec, Harrison Kim, Michael Kokkolaras, Josef Oehmen, Georges Fadel, Filippo Salustri, Mike Van der Loos
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Engineering Design - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: 21 Aug 201725 Aug 2017
Conference number: 21

Publication series

NameInternational Conference on Engineering Design
PublisherDesign Society
ISSN (Electronic)2220-4342


ConferenceInternational Conference on Engineering Design
Abbreviated titleICED


  • Design for X (DFX)
  • Design methodology
  • decision support
  • Design Process

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