Structure and diffusion of intrinsic defects, adsorbed hydrogen, and water molecules at the surface of alkali-earth fluorides calculated using density functional theory

A. S. Foster, T. Trevethan, A. L. Shluger

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Abstract

Using periodic density functional theory, we calculate the structure and migration energies of fluorine vacancies and interstitials in the bulk and at the stoichiometric bulk-truncated surface of three alkali-earth fluorides: CaF2, SrF2, and BaF2. We then study the adsorption of water and hydrogen, in both molecular and dissociated form, at the ideal surface, and at neutral and charged vacancies in the surface and subsurface layers. The results demonstrate that in nearly all cases molecular adsorption is strongly favored. For the most probable configurations on the surfaces, we also studied the migration paths and barriers, and found that water is highly mobile on the surface, even when adsorbed at defects. In general, CaF2 and SrF2 show similar behavior with respect to water, while adsorption energies and migration barriers for BaF2 are smaller. Finally, we discuss our results in the context of recent experimental Atomic Force Microscopy studies on CaF2 and compare to calculations on other insulating surfaces.
Original languageEnglish
Article number115421
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume80
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • adsorption
  • atomic force microscopy
  • barium compounds
  • calcium compounds
  • density functional theory
  • diffusion
  • interstitials
  • stoichiometry
  • strontium compounds
  • vacancies (crystal)
  • water,

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