Stellar Dynamos in the Transition Regime: Multiple Dynamo Modes and Antisolar Differential Rotation

M. Viviani*, M. J. Kapyla, J. Warnecke, P. J. Kapyla, M. Rheinhardt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
28 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Global and semi-global convective dynamo simulations of solar-like stars are known to show a transition from an antisolar (fast poles, slow equator) to solar-like (fast equator, slow poles) differential rotation (DR) for increasing rotation rate. The dynamo solutions in the latter regime can exhibit regular cyclic modes, whereas in the former one, only stationary or temporally irregular solutions have been obtained so far. In this paper we present a semi-global dynamo simulation in the transition region, exhibiting two coexisting dynamo modes, a cyclic and a stationary one, both being dynamically significant. We seek to understand how such a dynamo is driven by analyzing the large-scale flow properties (DR and meridional circulation) together with the turbulent transport coefficients obtained with the test-field method. Neither an ??dynamo wave nor an advection-dominated dynamo are able to explain the cycle period and the propagation direction of the mean magnetic field. Furthermore, we find that the ? effect is comparable or even larger than the ? effect in generating the toroidal magnetic field, and therefore, the dynamo seems to be of ?(2)? or ?(2) type. We further find that the effective large-scale flows are significantly altered by turbulent pumping.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21
Number of pages10
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume886
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • dynamo
  • magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)
  • MAGNETIC-FIELDS
  • SOLAR-LIKE
  • TURBULENT TRANSPORT
  • MAGNETOCONVECTION
  • COEFFICIENTS
  • SIMULATIONS
  • CYCLES

Projects

UniSDyn: Building up a Unified Theory of Stellar Dynamos

Käpylä, M., Rheinhardt, M. & Pekkilä, J.

01/01/202031/12/2024

Project: EU: ERC grants

Equipment

Science-IT

Mikko Hakala (Manager)

School of Science

Facility/equipment: Facility

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