Steering-enhanced roughening during metal deposition at grazing incidence

Sebastiaan Van Dijken*, Louis C. Jorritsma, Bene Poelsema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

101 Citations (Scopus)


It is shown that steering may have an important influence on the morphology of growing films. Steering originates from long-range attractive forces between incoming atoms and substrate atoms and leads to preferential arrival of atoms on top of islands. This phenomenon is most pronounced for grazing incidence deposition and results in significantly increased roughness of the growing film. Steering, which is expected to be generally valid but has so far been disregarded in growth studies, is illustrated for the growth of Cu/Cu(001).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4038-4041
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 1999
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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