Statistical analysis of mirror mode waves in sheath regions driven by interplanetary coronal mass ejection

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Matti M. Ala-Lahti
  • Emilia K.J. Kilpua
  • Andrew P. DImmock
  • Adnane Osmane
  • Tuija Pulkkinen

  • Jan Souček

Research units

  • University of Helsinki
  • Uppsala University
  • Czech Academy of Sciences


We present a comprehensive statistical analysis of mirror mode waves and the properties of their plasma surroundings in sheath regions driven by interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME). We have constructed a semi-automated method to identify mirror modes from the magnetic field data. We analyze 91 ICME sheath regions from January 1997 to April 2015 using data from the Wind spacecraft. The results imply that similarly to planetary magnetosheaths, mirror modes are also common structures in ICME sheaths. However, they occur almost exclusively as dip-like structures and in mirror stable plasma. We observe mirror modes throughout the sheath, from the bow shock to the ICME leading edge, but their amplitudes are largest closest to the shock. We also find that the shock strength (measured by Alfvén Mach number) is the most important parameter in controlling the occurrence of mirror modes. Our findings suggest that in ICME sheaths the dominant source of free energy for mirror mode generation is the shock compression. We also suggest that mirror modes that are found deeper in the sheath are remnants from earlier times of the sheath evolution, generated also in the vicinity of the shock.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)793-808
Number of pages16
JournalAnnales Geophysicae
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 24 May 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • Interplanetary physics (plasma waves and turbulence; solar wind plasma), space plasma physics (waves and instabilities)

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