Statically Motivated Form Finding Based on Extended Graphical Statics (EGS)

Maximilian J. Schrems, Toni Kotnik

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In the 19th century it was common to use graphical methods for study the relationship between form and force. The central element of all drawing methods for representing the inner flow of forces was the investigation of the dependence of equilibrium and force polygons, as well as their representation in two geometrically dependent diagrams with different units. This research is part of an on going project to extend the methods of ‘graphical statics’ of Carl Culmann (1866) to the third dimension in order to overcome some of the 2D-limitations of this approach. It is focused on the construction of resulting force within 3D and the utilization within discrete space frames (tetrahedrons) in equilibrium. The objective of the EGS is to focus on constructing in contrast to calculating. That means that the logic of the inner force flow leads to a process-oriented and visible approach of design, which gets computationally accessible. With the use of digital tools and increasing importance of performative methods of form-finding a renewed interest in these vector-based geometric methods of construction of force flow has occurred. This may be will give the possibility to get an alternative to the common form finding methods by relaxation processes and analysis by FEM.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOpen Systems
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia
EditorsRudi Stouffs, Stanislav Janssen, Bige Tuncer
Pages843-852
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book
EventInternational Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia - National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 15 May 201318 May 2013
Conference number: 18

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia
Abbreviated titleCAADRIA
CountrySingapore
CitySingapore
Period15/05/201318/05/2013

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