Stabilizing Dendron-Modified Talc-Based Electrolyte for Quasi-Solid Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell

Marcos A S Andrade, Kati Miettunen, Armi Tiihonen, Peter D. Lund, Ana F. Nogueira, Heloise O. Pastore*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Organic-inorganic layered materials, such as organotalcs, are a promising alternative as gelling agent for liquid electrolytes in dye-sensitized solar cells. Talcs could provide an abundant, low cost and environmentally friendly option for solidifying the electrolyte. This work focuses on generation 5 polyamideamino dendron-modified talc with emphasis is on how it affects the performance and stability of the DSSC. The talc was shown to improve the initial photocurrent by up to 39% by acting as a light scatterer and/or a recombination barrier compared to reference solar cells with liquid electrolyte. Non-destructive analysis based on photographic image technique revealed that during the aging the additive absorbed charge carriers, tri-iodide, from the electrolyte reducing the performance of the solar cells. The degradation could, however, be prevented by intercalating polyiodides into interlamellar space of the talc as the resulting dendron chains did not absorb tri-iodide charge carriers from the electrolyte. These quasi-solid solar cells maintained 95% of their initial efficiency under light-soaking at 1 Sun for about 1000 h. The cells with a quasi-solid electrolyte showed up to 5% higher efficiency than those with liquid electrolyte.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-421
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume228
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • aging test
  • dendron
  • dye sensitized solar cell
  • organotalc
  • stability

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