Spreading dynamics on networks: The role of burstiness, topology and non-stationarity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Researchers

Research units

  • Budapest University of Technology and Economics
  • Central European University

Abstract

Spreading on networks is influenced by a number of factors, including different parts of the inter-event time distribution (IETD), the topology of the network and non-stationarity. In order to understand the role of these factors we study the SI model on temporal networks with different aggregated topologies and different IETDs. Based on analytic calculations and numerical simulations, we show that if the stationary bursty process is governed by power-law IETD, the spreading can be slowed down or accelerated as compared to a Poisson process; the speed is determined by the short time behaviour, which in our model is controlled by the exponent. We demonstrate that finite, so called 'locally tree-like' networks, like the Barabási-Albert networks behave very differently from real tree graphs if the IETD is strongly fat-tailed, as the lack or presence of rare alternative paths modifies the spreading. A further important result is that the non-stationarity of the dynamics has a significant effect on the spreading speed for strongly fat-tailed power-law IETDs, thus bursty processes characterized by small power-law exponents can cause slow spreading in the stationary state but also very rapid spreading, with this heavily dependent on the age of the processes.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number073037
Pages (from-to)1-19
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Volume16
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • bursty time series, complex networks, nonstationary processes, spreading phenomena, topological bottlenecks

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