Spontaneous fluctuations in a zero-noise model of flocking

Abhijit Chakraborty, Kunal Bhattacharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Investigations into the complex structure and dynamics of collectively moving groups of living organisms have provided valuable insights. Understanding the emergent features, especially, the origin of fluctuations, appears to be challenging in the current scheme of models. It has been argued that flocks are poised at criticality. We present a two-dimensional self-propelled particle model where neighbourhoods and forces are defined through topology-based rules. The attractive forces are modeled in order to maintain cohesion in the flock in open-boundary conditions. We find that fluctuations occur spontaneously in the absence of any external noise. For certain values of the parameters the flock shows a high degree of order as well as scale-free decay of spatial correlations in velocity and speed. We characterize the dynamical behaviour of the system using the Lyapunov spectrum. Largest exponents being positive but small in magnitude suggest that the apparent high susceptibility may result from the system operating near the borderline of order and chaos.

Original languageEnglish
Article number48001
Pages (from-to)1-7
JournalEPL
Volume116
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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