Spirituality and peace

Tilman Bauer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
92 Downloads (Pure)


Spirituality and peace are tightly interlinked; the broader the definition of peace, the more intertwined it is with the concept of spirituality. This essay distinguishes between three stages, or levels, of peace: weak peace, strong peace, and holistic peace; and between inner and outer dimensions of spirituality in the non-materialistic realm. A discussion of the connection points brings the following insights: weak peace, defined as the absence of war or any kind of violence, represents the simplest form of peace and, thus, is a nonspiritual starting point of the discussion, albeit the absence of violent thoughts being a worthwhile spiritual goal. Strong peace is the presence of positive values or ideals; correspondingly, spiritual practices can lead to individual, interpersonal, and institutional virtue. Finally, holistic peace implies a transrational desire to follow a higher purpose, culminating in true passion, bliss, unconditional love, and a strong feeling of interconnectedness.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge International Handbook of Spirituality in Society and the Professions
EditorsLaszlo Zsolnai, Bernadette Flanagan
Place of PublicationAbingdon, Oxon
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781315445489
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book


  • Spirituality
  • Peace


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