SPENCER: A socially aware service robot for passenger guidance and help in busy airports

Rudolph Triebel, Kai O. Arras, Rachid Alami, Lucas Beyer, Stefan Breuers, Raja Chatila, Mohamed Chetouani, Daniel Cremers, Vanessa Evers, Michelangelo Fiore, Omar A. Islas Ramírez, Michiel Joosse, Harmish Khambhaita, Tomasz Kucner, Bastian Leibe, Achim J. Lilienthal, Timm Linder, Manja Lohse, Martin Magnusson, Billy OkalLuigi Palmieri, Umer Rafi, Marieke van Rooij, Hayley Hung, Lu Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

136 Citations (Scopus)


We present an ample description of a socially compliant mobile robotic platform, which is developed in the EU-funded project SPENCER. The purpose of this robot is to assist, inform and guide passengers in large and busy airports. One particular aim is to bring travellers of connecting flights conveniently and efficiently from their arrival gate to the passport control. The uniqueness of the project stems from the strong demand of service robots for this application with a large potential impact for the aviation industry on one side, and on the other side from the scientific advancements in social robotics, brought forward and achieved in SPENCER. The main contributions of SPENCER are novel methods to perceive, learn, and model human social behavior and to use this knowledge to plan appropriate actions in real-time for mobile platforms. In this paper, we describe how the project advances the fields of detection and tracking of individuals and groups, recognition of human social relations and activities, normative human behavior learning, socially-aware task and motion planning, learning socially annotated maps, and conducting empirical experiments to assess socio-psychological effects of normative robot behaviors.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationField and Service Robotics
Subtitle of host publicationResults of the 10th International Conference
EditorsDavid S. Wettergreen, Timothy D. Barfoot
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-27702-8
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

NameSpringer Tracts in Advanced Robotics
ISSN (Print)1610-7438


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