Spectral characteristics of light harvesting, electron injection, and steady-state charge collection in pressed TiO2 dye solar cells

Janne Halme*, Gerrit Boschloo, Anders Hagfeldt, Peter Lund

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

155 Citations (Scopus)
116 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The factors that limit photocurrent in dye solar cells (DSC) were studied by incident-photon-to-collected-electron efficiency (eta(IPCE)), optical, and photovoltaic measurements. Nanostructured TiO2 photoelectrodes were prepared by compression technique on glass substrates, and half of them were given an additional heat treatment at 450 degrees C. The spectral absorbed-photon-to-collected-electron efficiency (eta(APCE)) of the cells was determined as a function of the photoelectrode film thickness (d) and direction of illumination and analyzed in terms of electron injection (eta(INJ)) and collection (eta(COL)) efficiency. The cells with pressed-only photoelectrodes gave significantly lower photocurrents yet their eta(APCE), and thus eta(COL), increased significantly with increasing d. To analyze this result quantitatively, methods were formulated based on the standard diffusion model of electron transport in nanostructured photoelectrodes for the factorization of experimental eta(APCF) data into eta(INJ) and eta(COL) parts and subsequent estimation of the effective steady-state electron diffusion length (L). Consistent decoupling of eta(INJ) and eta(COL) was reached in a spectral region where electron generation rate was independent of d. eta(INJ) was low and strongly wavelength-dependent, which was attributed to a poor energetic matching between dye excited states and TiO2 acceptor states due to unfavorable electrolyte composition. L increased systematically with d in both types of cells. Consistent with the increase of eta(IPCE) with light intensity, the result was attributed qualitatively to the electron concentration dependence of L and for a small part to decrease of film porosity with d. The diffusion model and its predictions were reviewed, and its validity in the present case was discussed critically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5623-5637
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume112
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • SENSITIZED NANOCRYSTALLINE TIO2
  • MANUFACTURING NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODES
  • CONDUCTING GLASS/TIO2 INTERFACES
  • CONVERSION EFFICIENCY
  • BLOCKING LAYERS
  • THIN-LAYER
  • PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS
  • PHOTOVOLTAIC PERFORMANCE
  • EXCITATION-WAVELENGTH
  • INTENSITY DEPENDENCE

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