Sound producing mechanism in temperature inversion layer and its sensitivity to geomagnetic activity

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    Abstract

    Sounds associated with aurora borealis, so called Auroral Sounds (AS), are explained by electrical discharges occurring in Temperature Inversion Layer (TIL) approximately 75 meters above the ground. It is assumed that under favorable weather conditions the number of AS events depends on the activity of the geomagnetic (GM) storm. The historical testimonies of AS indicate that the GM storm should be strong enough to rise the bright and lively auroras to the zenith before these sounds can be observed. The goal of this study is to test the relevancy of this claim by studying the sensitivity of the AS producing mechanism under a moderate GM activity. A four-hour long period of the sound measurements done around the local magnetic midnight Jan 25–26, 2022 at Fiskars village, Finland, is analyzed. Sixty AS event candidates were
    manually selected and their temporal distribution and period histogram constructed for statistical comparisons with the GM data measured simultaneously by the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) at
    Nurmijärvi Geophysical Observatory (NGO). The data was also used for regression models to study possible causal relationship between the GM activity and the AS events. A strong causality between the GM activity and the AS events was found. The sounds were predicted by the GM activity with 90% accuracy after a delay of 21 min. The results show that the AS events are much more common than previously thought.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEUROREGIA BNAM 2022 Conference Proceedings
    PublisherNordic Acoustic Association (NAA)
    Pages365-374
    Number of pages10
    ISBN (Electronic)978-87-995400-5-1
    Publication statusPublished - 2022
    MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
    EventJoint Acoustics Conference - Aalborg, Denmark
    Duration: 9 May 202211 May 2022
    https://bnam2022.org/proceedings/

    Publication series

    NameBNAM
    ISSN (Print)2245-4365

    Conference

    ConferenceJoint Acoustics Conference
    Abbreviated titleEUROREGIO/BNAM
    Country/TerritoryDenmark
    CityAalborg
    Period09/05/202211/05/2022
    Internet address

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