Sorption-related characteristics of surface charred spruce wood
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
- Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences
- Mendel University in Brno
Surface charring of wood is a one-sided thermal modification process that can be used to create a hydrophobic, durable surface to exterior claddings. Spruce (Picea abies L.) wood samples were charred with a hot plate and several time-temperature combinations while using simultaneous surface compression. Temperature profile, water sorption, cupping after water exposure and density profile were measured. Furthermore, changes in the microstructure and surface functional groups were investigated by scanning electron microscopy and photoacoustic FT-IR spectroscopy. Results show that surface charring notably improves the hydrophobicity measured by contact angle, water floating and dynamic vapour sorption. Increased holding time during charring reduced the sorption but at the same time increased the dimensional instability measured by cupping. The density profile showed a shifting density peak with more severe modification regimes, indicating a more porous surface. The PAS-FTIR showed increased aromaticity of the surface that was also present in the pyrolysis zone beneath the surface in samples modified with longer holding time. Higher modification temperature affected the sorption as well as cupping positively but it is possible similar results can be obtained with lower temperature and longer holding time.
|Publication status||Published - 24 Oct 2018|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- Char, Surface modification, Thermal modification, Wood, Wood char