Some new insights towards goal-based design of Arctic ships

Martin Bergström*, Sabina Idrissova, Farhang Shamaei, Juri Huuhtanen, Fang Li, Spyros Hirdaris, Baoyu Ni, Pentti Kujala

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperScientificpeer-review


Maritime activity in the Arctic is on the increase, driven by the extraction of Arcticnatural resources, trans-Arctic shipping, and Arctic tourism. To manage related risks to humans and the polar environment, in January 2017 the International Maritime Organization (IMO) enforced the international code for ships operating in polar waters (Polar Code). The code is fundamentally goal-based, allowing designers to deviate from established prescriptive rules, facilitating design optimization and innovation. However, for designers to be able to implement goal-based regulations, they need relevant and validated design tools. Toward this end, we discuss new insights of relevance on two related topics, namely (a) the assessment of ice loading on ships, and (b) risk assessment in Arctic shipping.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2020
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventTransport Research Arena: Rethinking transport - towards clean and inclusive mobility - Messukeskus Helsinki, Expo and Convention Centre, Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 27 Apr 202030 Apr 2020
Conference number: 8


ConferenceTransport Research Arena
Abbreviated titleTRA
Internet address


  • Arctic shipping
  • Goal-based standards
  • Ship design
  • Polar Code

Field of art

  • Design
  • Performance

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  • Cite this

    Bergström, M., Idrissova, S., Shamaei, F., Huuhtanen, J., Li, F., Hirdaris, S., Ni, B., & Kujala, P. (2020). Some new insights towards goal-based design of Arctic ships. Paper presented at Transport Research Arena, Helsinki, Finland.