Solar wind-magnetosphere coupling efficiency for solar wind pressure impulses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • M. Palmroth
  • N. Partamies
  • J. Polvi
  • T. I. Pulkkinen
  • D. J. McComas
  • R. J. Barnes
  • P. Stauning
  • C. W. Smith
  • H. J. Singer
  • R. Vainio

Research units

  • Finnish Meteorological Institute
  • University of Helsinki
  • Southwest Research Institute
  • Johns Hopkins University
  • Danish Meteorological Institute
  • Univ New Hampshire, University System Of New Hampshire, University of New Hampshire, Dept Phys, Inst Earth Oceans & Space
  • Univ New Hampshire, University System Of New Hampshire, University of New Hampshire, Ctr Space Sci
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration


We investigate the solar wind - magnetosphere coupling efficiency in response to solar wind dynamic pressure impulses. We carry out a superposed epoch analysis of 236 pressure impulses from the years 1998 2002 detected by the ACE/SWEPAM instrument. For the coupling efficiency, we use four definitions based on: the polar cap potential from SuperDARN radars, the northern polar cap index (PCN), the available magnetospheric potential, and the interplanetary electric field (IEF). All definitions show consistent results: the coupling efficiency depends on the internal structure of the impulse. The coupling efficiency increases ( decreases) for events mimicking slow ( fast) MHD shocks. The coupling energy estimated from the IMAGE magnetometer chain is larger for the "fast-type'' events and stronger drivers. Hence, our results indicate that the magnetosphere uses the energy from the weaker driver more geoeffectively, while the energy associated with stronger drivers is partly transmitted through the system.


Original languageEnglish
Article number11101
Number of pages5
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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