Solar-wind control of plasma sheet dynamics

M. Myllys*, E. Kilpua, T. Pulkkinen

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)
    111 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to quantify how solar-wind conditions affect the energy and plasma transport in the geomagnetic tail and its large-scale configuration. To identify the role of various effects, the magnetospheric data were sorted according to different solar-wind plasma and interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) parameters: speed, dynamic pressure, IMF north-south component, epsilon parameter, Auroral Electrojet (AE) index and IMF ultra low-frequency (ULF) fluctuation power. We study variations in the average flow speed pattern and the occurrence rate of fast flow bursts in the magnetotail during different solar-wind conditions using magnetospheric data from five Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) mission spacecraft and solar-wind data from NASA's OM-NIWeb. The time interval covers the years from 2008 to 2011 during the deep solar minimum between cycles 23 and 24 and the relatively quiet rising phase of cycle 24. Hence, we investigate magnetospheric processes and solar-wind-magnetospheric coupling during a relatively quiet state of the magnetosphere. We show that the occurrence rate of the fast (vertical bar V-tail vertical bar > 100 km s(-1)) sunward flows varies under different solar-wind conditions more than the occurrence of the fast tailward flows. The occurrence frequency of the fast tailward flows does not change much with the solar-wind conditions. We also note that the sign of the IMF B-Z has the most visible effect on the occurrence rate and pattern of the fast sunward flows. High-speed flow bursts are more common during the slow than fast solar-wind conditions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)845-855
    Number of pages11
    JournalAnnales Geophysicae
    Volume33
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • Magnetospheric physics
    • plasma sheet
    • INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC-FIELD
    • GEOMAGNETIC-ACTIVITY
    • BULK FLOWS
    • SPEED
    • MAGNETOSPHERE
    • EVENTS
    • SUBSTORM

    Cite this