Solar photovoltaics: current state and trends

V. A. Milichko, A. S. Shalin, I. S. Mukhin, A. E. Kovrov, A. A. Krasilin, A. V. Vinogradov, P. A. Belov, C. R. Simovski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Basic aspects of current solar photovoltaics (PVs) are reviewed, starting from the recently developed already-on-the-market first-generation solar cells and ending with promising but not yet commercialized third-generation cells and materials possibly leading to new cell designs. The emphasis is on the physical principles of various solar cells which are divided into several groups according to our classification scheme. To make the picture complete, some technological and economic aspects of the field are discussed. A separate chapter considers antireflection coatings and light-trapping textures - structures which, while have not yet appeared in the PV review literature, are an integral part of the solar cell field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-772
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • solar energy
  • photovoltaics
  • solar cells of three generations
  • organic and inorganic solar cells
  • commercial photovoltaics
  • perovskites
  • light-trapping structure


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