Social Tie Strength and Online Victimization: An Analysis of Young People Aged 15-30 Years in Four Nations

Teo Keipi*, Markus Kaakinen, Atte Oksanen, Pekka Räsänen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Online interaction through the use of social networking sites (SNS) continues to be a significant component of the socialization of young people today, yet little research exists toward linking various relational forms to prevalent and much-studied online risks cross-nationally. This article provides a link between relational dynamics and online risks identified in previous research toward a new perspective on how social tie strength is related to experiences of hate victimization and harassment online. The analysis is based on survey data of Finnish (n = 555), American (n = 1033), German (n = 978), and British (n = 999) young people aged 15-30 years. Variables, including age, gender, main activity, SNS use, quantity, and extent of online and offline social networks including social tie strength and online community identification, were analyzed toward finding their associations with online hate victimization and harassment. Results showed that experiences of hate victimization and harassment were similar cross-nationally and that those who were personally harassed online also reported high SNS activity. Furthermore, no association was found between social network size and negative experiences. Notable cross-national differences were also detected in the results. Findings emphasize the importance of understanding variables fostering online risks for young people while providing a new perspective on what aspects of social life may help negate negative effects online.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2056305117690013
Number of pages12
JournalSocial Media + Society
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Internet
  • young people
  • social networking
  • victimization
  • social ties
  • NETWORKING SITES
  • INTERNET USE
  • BULLYING EXPERIENCES
  • TEENAGERS USE
  • ADOLESCENTS
  • YOUTH
  • HARASSMENT
  • EXPOSURE
  • FACEBOOK
  • RISK

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